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List of Textile Lab Equipments

Lab Equipment List:

Lab equipment list o textile Lab is a special room equipped for scientific experimentation and research with a lot of equipment’s. Textile Lab used for scientific research. It is very important set up a textile lab for checking basic physical properties of textiles. Fabric properties like dimensional stability, color bleeding, color fastness, GSM of fabric is tested on lab. Designed for product development quality control and customer problem solving this fully air conditioned laboratory feature with high pressure liquid chromatography. [2]

Textile Lab Equipment List:

lab equipment list are used in textile industry is given below-

lab work on science lab
Digital Pipette

Purpose of Science Equipment

  • To improve the quality of the product and make it defects free according to the requirement of the customer
  • Supplying better quality product to the customer
  • Meet the client requirements
  • Raw material control
  • Production Standard co-relation.
  • To ensure that the product is error free.
  • To find out the hidden errors unidentified by development team & meet the customer requirement by maintaining company standards.

Types of Science Equipment

  • Dimensional Stability
  • Spirality / Skewness
  • C/F to Washing
  • C/F to Rubbing / Crocking
  • Fabric Weight
  • Tearing Strength
  • Tensile Strength
  • Bursting Strength
  • Push Pull Test
  • pH test.

Function of  Quality Control Laboratory:

  • To protect the interest of consumer and To cater for the needs of quality assurance
  • To build up a quality and marketing image of your product and marketing image of your product and company
  • For delivering quality product in specified time
  • For conduction routine quality assurance control in production line to avoid rework and poor quality raw material.
  • To equip dependable abilities for new product development to develop new program.
  • To incorporate the laboratory practice into international quality assurance program.[1]

Scientific laboratory supplies:

SL# Machine Type Model Brand Origin
01 Yarn Appearance Tester Innolab INNOVATIVE ENGITECH (P) LTD India
02 Manual Twist tester Innolab INNOVATIVE ENGITECH (P) LTD India
03 Manual Wrap Reel Innolab INNOVATIVE ENGITECH (P) LTD India
04 Color Matching Cabinet CAC-60 VERIVIDE LIMITED England
05 Spectrophotometer Spectroflash SF-600 PLUS-CT datacolor USA
06 Digital Pilling tester digiPILLTM Paramount India
07 Motorized Crock Meter innolab INNOVATIV ENGITECH (P) LTD India
08 Motorized Crock Meter digiCROCK NxTM Paramount India
09 Digital pH Tester pH -211 Hanna Italy
10 Oven & Incubator G2009A SDL England
11 Sample Dyeing M/C (Rapid) ECO DYER Rapid China
12 Sample Dyeing M/C (AHIBA NUANCE) ECO datacolor USA
13 Sample Dyeing M/C (AHIBA NUANCE) Top Speed II datacolor USA
14 Electrolux Wascator FOM71MP.lab SDL England
15 Electrolux Wascator W455H Electrolux Thailand
16 Electrolux Wascator W455H Electrolux Thailand
17 Electrolux Dryer T4130 Electrolux Thailand
18 Digital Balance AR3130 OHAUS cor. USA
19 Digital Pipette (I) edp plusTM Rainin USA
20 Digital Pipette (II) edp plusTM Rainin USA
21 Paramount Pick Glass & Scale PGLS-006 Paramount India
22 Thermo hygrometer 303C N/A N/A
23 Perspirometer M231 SDL England
24 Grey Scale(Staining&Colour Change) SDC England
25 Pantone Book TP, TPX, TC,TCX,

List of lab equipment Example which is used in Textile:

Applicable test for chemical quality verification are as follows:

  • Concentration of Hydrochloric acid.
  • Formic acid test.
  • Glubers salt test.
  • Concentration of Acidic acid.
  • Concentration of Soda ash.
  • Concentration of Oxalic acid.
  • Concentration of Caustic soda.
  • Concentration of Sulfuric acid.
  • Concentration of Hydrogen peroxide.
  • Wetting agent test.

Concentration of Hydrochloric acid:

  • Machine / apparatus used:Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactur: N/A
  • Person responsible:Lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Titration with standard base (Sodium Hydroxide).
  • Reagent :Sodium Hydroxide 1(N), Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure :Take 10ml HCl weight it in gm and then make 1L solution with distilled water in volumetric flask, Take 2.5 ml of that solution in a conical flask; add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 0.1(N) caustic soda
  • Performance standard:37% or as required
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected
  • Document / form used :Chemical test register (log book)

Formic acid test:

  • Machine / apparatus used :Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured : N/A
  • Person responsible:Lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Titration with standard base (Sodium Hydroxide).
  • Reagent :SodiumHydroxide 1(N), Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure :4.6 gm formic acid is added in 100ml distil water.Take 10ml of that solution in a conical flask and 2-3 drop of phenolphthalein indicator. Titration with 1(N) caustic soda
  • Result = Burette reading × 10
  • Performance standard:80-100 % or as required
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected
  • Document / form used :Chemical test register (log book)

Glubers Salt / Sodium chloride test:

  • Machine / apparatus used :Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured by:N/A
  • Person responsible: Science lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • MethoN/A
  • Reagent N/A
  • Procedure :Take a beaker dry it and take the weight (example X).Take 10gm Glubers salt in a 50ml distilled water and make solution. Filter the solution. Take the solution in a beaker and evaporate it. Take the weight of the beaker (example Y). Result = {(Y-X) ÷ 10} × 10
  • Performance standard:As required
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected

Concentration of Acidic Acid:

  • Machine / apparatus used :Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured N/A
  • Person responsible:Lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Titration with standard base (Sodium Hydroxide).
  • Reagent :1 (N) caustic soda, Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure: Take 6 gm acidic acid and dissolved it in 100ml distills water. Take 10 ml of that solution in a beaker and add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 1(N) caustic soda. Result(% of acidic acid) = Burete reading × 10
  • Performance standard :90-100%
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected

Concentration of soda ash:

  • Machine / apparatus used :Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured by:N/A
  • Person responsible:Lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Titration with standard acid (HCl)
  • Reagent :1 (N) HCl, Methyl orange indicator
  • Procedure :Take 5.3 gm soda ash and dissolved it in 100 ml distill water.Take 10 ml of that solution + 10 ml distill water and 2-3 drops of Methyl orange indicator. Titrate with 1(N) HCl.
  • Result = Burette reading × 10
  • Performance standard: 80-100   %
  • In case of non conformity : Rejected

Concentration of Oxalic acid:

  • Machine / apparatus used :Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufacture: N/A
  • Person responsible:Lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Titration with standard base caustic soda
  • Reagent :1 (N) caustic soda, Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure :Take 6.3 gm oxalic acid and dissolved it in 100ml distilled water.Take 10 ml of that solution in a beaker and add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 1(N) caustic soda. Result = Burette reading × 10
  • Performance standard:As required
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected

Concentration of Caustic soda:

  • Machine / apparatus used :Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured
  • Person responsible:Lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Titration with standard acid (HCl)
  • Reagent :1 (N) HCl, Phenolphthalein indicator Ethanol.
  • Procedure :Add 8.3 ml of HCl in 100 ml distill water. Dissolved 4 gm caustic soda in 100 ml             Take 10 ml of that caustic soda solution in a beaker and 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 1(N) HCl.
  • Result = Burette reading × 10
  • Performance standard:90-100 % or as required
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected

Concentration of Sulfuric acid:

  • Machine / apparatus used :Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured by:/A
  • Person responsible:Lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Titration with standard base.
  • Reagent :1 (N) caustic soda, Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Procedure :Add 10 gm sulfuric acid and dissolved it in 100ml distilled water. Take 10 ml of that solution in a beaker and add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Titrate with 1 (N) caustic soda. Result = Burette reading × 10 × 1
  • Performance standard:90-100% or as required
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected
  • Document / form used :Chemical test register (log book)

Concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide:

  • Machine / apparatus used :Burette, pipette, beaker, balance
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured byN/A
  • Person responsible:Lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Titration with standard permanganate
  • Reagent:Potassium permanganate (KMnO4), H2SO4 (1:4)
  • Procedure :Weight sample such that there is no more than 0.06 gm of H2O2 present, dilute with 50 ml of distill water and add 10 ml of (1:4) H2SO4. Titrate with 0.1 (N) potassium permanganate (KMnO4) till pink color appearance. Volume of (KMnO4) (0.1) (0.017) (100)
  • Result= Sample weight
  • Performance standard:45-50 % or as required
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected
  • Document / form used :Chemical test register (log book)

Wetting agent test:

  • Machine / apparatus used :1 L beaker
  • Machine / apparatus manufactured by:N/A
  • Person responsible: Science lab assistant
  • Frequency:Every new lot also as and when required
  • Method :Dipping test and comparing with running lots performance.
  • Reagent :Wetting agent
  • Procedure :Make a solution of the wetting agent as recommended by the suppliers in the beaker. Takes 108×58 / 20×20 greige fabric and cut at least 10 samples with the sample cutter (38 ml, dia 15 cm). Hold one of the samples vertically above the beaker and relies gently in the solution. Start a stop watch at the time of the release and take note of the time when the sample reaches bottom of the beaker. Wet ability is decided W.R.T with running lots. While comparing a new lot with a running lot we can follow the following procedure:   A particular fabric is desized, batched and then scoured, bleached with both the new and running wetting agent lot under the same condition. After the scour/bleach process the processed fabric are checked for their absorbency, size content and whiteness. If the results are similar than the new lot is as good as the running one.
  • Performance standard:Standard time = 15-20 sec
  • In case of non conformity :Rejected
  • Document / form used :Chemical test register (log book)

Test purpose and Related Methods

Purpose: This Test is intended for the determination of Dimensional change of fabric or garments when subjected to home laundering procedure used by customer.

Dimensional Change: A Generic term change in length or width of Fabric or garments.

Growth: Dimensional change resulting in an increase length or width of a specimen.

Laundering: This process intended to remove soil and/or stain by washing.

Shrinkage: This resulting decrease of length or width of a specimen.

Method We Use:

  • For USA / CANADA: AATCC 135 (For Fabric) , AATCC 150 ( For Garment)
  • FOR EUROPE: ISO 6330

Spirality / Skewness:

Purpose: This Test determines change in skewness in woven and knitted fabric or twist of garments when subjected to repeated automatic laundering procedure commonly used in home laundering. We get from these test are—Garments twist , skewness And Remove soil and stain by washing.

Calculation for Science Lab

Calculation for Science Lab

(CD) x 100%

(AB)

Calculation:

science equipment

CD=2 x 100%

AB=55     

spirality:3.64%

Method we use:

  • FOR USA / CANADA: AATCC 179
  • FOR EUROPE: ISO 6330/ISO 5700

Conclusion:

Extensive color range of flame retardant chemicals meeting international standards. Durable, law cost, balogen free solutions for the ultimate protection. Exbaust and continuous applications for leather, wool, nylon, polyester, cotton and blends.[2]

[1] Suraj Pincha JainProperitor/ Owern of Jinendra Knitwears, India, Email: surajpincha@gmail.com
[2] Md. Badrul Islam, Textile Chemist, badrul_chem@yahoo.com, Bangladesh

About Engr. Kh. Mashiur Rahman

He is Garment Automation Technologist and Editor in Chief of Autogarment. He is certified Echotech Garment CAD Professional-China, Aptech-India, NCC-UK and B.Sc. in CIS- London Metropolitan University, M.Sc. in ICT-UITS. He is working as a Successful Digital Marketer and Search Engine Specialist in RMG sector during 2005 to till now. Contact him- apparelsoftware@gmail.com

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  1. excellent informative blog is shared about lab equipment, which will good for customer, those want to know about lab equipment. they can read this blog and get the information.

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