Hard Hats or Helmets

A Hard Hat or Helmet is a device which protects your head and face. The hard hat does a good job of keeping falling objects from striking your head and causing injuries. The hard hat is supposed to be worn with the bill of the hat to the front. The reason there is a bill on the front, is this is what protects the face. Always wear your hard hat with the bill to the front so it protects your face… fff

 Housekeeping Can Prevent Falling Objects

  • It is mandatory to maintain a high level of housekeeping at all work locations.
  • Keep all walkways, decks, scaffolds, and next to open holes clear of material that can be kicked off or knocked off the platform.
  • The workplace must be free from tripping hazards.
  • Access and egress from the work environment must be free from material and equipment.
  • Access to emergency equipment must be free of obstruction.
  • Waste materials are to be disposed of appropriately and immediately. Provide segregation for materials.

Tools and Equipment

  • Make sure that all tools and equipment are tied off and secure when working at heights.
  • Always make sure that you barricade the area below you when working with hand tools at heights.
  • Never lay hand tools on beams or scaffolding without securing first.
  • When using Drilling Machines or bigger tools always try to secure to a fixed object rather than yourself it may cause you to fall.

Falling Objects

  • What out for that loose material that is next to you while you are working.
  • Loose material accumulates on the following areas
  • On Gratings
  • On Scaffold Decks
  • Close to Holes or Edges

Heat Stress Disorders

  • Long term excess of salt can cause strokes
  • Salt replacement can be achieved through a normal healthy diet
  • Salt tablets are no longer recommended
  • Sports drinks such as Gatorade have lower electrolyte levels and are safer.


  • Heat Stroke
  • Hard Hat to be made available at Store / Gate House. Heat Exhaustion
  • Heat Cramps
  • Water Deficiency
  • Sweating Deficiency

Heat Exhaustion Description

  • Heat exhaustion is a circulatory deficiency less severe than heat stroke.
  • The body still has fluid available for cooling.
  • If left untreated casualty may develop heat stroke.

Heat Exhaustion Symptoms

  • Clammy (damp) skin
  • Weak pulse
  • Faintness. Safety representative to note if instructions are followed. 
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Facial pallor
  • Stumbling
  • General tiredness

Heat Exhaustion Treatment

  • Remove casualty from heat source
  • Seated position, legs raised
  • Slowly drink one litre of water
  • Rest
  • Consult medical and safety before return to work

Dehydration Description

Water is being lost from the body thru sweating, respiration and urine production faster than replacement fluids are being consumed.

Dehydration Symptoms

  • Increase in pulse rate
  • Increased in body temperature
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Loss of work efficiency

Dehydration Treatment

  • Remove casualty from heat source
  • Slowly drink one litre of water
  • Rest
  • Return to work

Description of the Safe Guard Element

  • Lock-out System and Usage
  • LABELLING of Switches, Isolators and Valves
  • Ladders ( Registers), Stairs, Walkways
  • Lifting Dears and Records
  • Compressed Gas Cylinders, Pressure Vessels
  • Hazardous Substances Control
  • Motorized Equipment: Checklist, Licensing
  • Portable Electrical Equipment
  • Earth Leakage Relay, Use and Check
  • General Electrical Installations and Flame Proofing
  • Hand tools: eg., Hammers and Chisels
  • Ergonomics
  • Head Protectors
  • Eye and Face Protection
  • Footwear
  • Protective Clothing
  • Respiratory Equipment
  • Hearing Conservation
  • Safety Harness
  • Hand Protection
  • Control Over Personal Protective Equipment
  • Notices and Signs

Ergonomic Checklist

  • Reach distances convenient
  • Works height
  • Body position comfortable
  • Pedals, handles conveniently placed
  • Vision not impaired
  • Access to instrument convenient and safe
  • Access to work places convenient and safe
  • Adequate number of seats available
  • Seats correct height considering the person
  • Footrest required
  • Seat comfortable
  • Static pr dynamic muscular effort over a long period
  • Weight moved too much
  • Can mechanical assistance be provided
  • Safe lifting practices
  • Tiring work condition
  • Adequate work breaks
  • Adequate lighting ( day and night )
  • No irritating glare / light contrast / reflection in work field
  • Dials conveniently placed, visible, labeled
  • Dials readable and related to control levers /knobs
  • Audible signals adequate
  • Is vigilance disturbed by noise
  • Is vigilance disturbed by other activities/ people in work area
  • Does noise interfere with verbal communication

Eye and face protection

To ensure that correct protective equipment is provided to prevent eye and face injuries. Eye Protection should be worn during all operations where there is a danger of flying particles e.g. the use of metal hand tools such as cold chisels, grinding, welding and cutting, lathe work on Brass & Cast Iron, acid, alkali, high pressure jet cleaning etc. and areas where needed to be identified.

  • Suitable equipment to be provided.
  • The Safety Representative to see if the equipment are worn correctly.
  • The equipment to be maintained properly and replaced when needed.