Fabric consumption calculation

First of all we have to find out the consumption of body. The equation is

given below:

  1. a) {(Thigh width + Hem width)/2} + 1” = X

So how many parts we can allocate in one laid fabric is

= Fabric width/X = Z

  1. b) {(Length + (belt width*2) + hem allowance + west allowance}/36

= Y

Body consumption = (Y/Z)*4*12

Small parts =1) (Fabric width/Back pocket width) + Allowance = E

2) (Back pocket length + allowance)/36 = F

Consumption = (F/E)* pocket quantity*12

NB: If there is thigh pocket then it will be include with the consumption.

Identify the main aspects in pattern cutting

Sample room’s main aspects fulfill the buyer’s requirements. It works between buyers and factory manager that means production level. To cut the pattern is being doing to the buyers requirements. Any merchandiser takes any sample and measurement tithe gives it to the sample room incharge.then sample room incharge select the fabrics according to the buyer’s requirement. Then he gives it to the pattern master. Pattern master cut the pattern. Assistant cut the fabrics. After cutting the fabrics, it gives to the sewing and finishing. At last all are completed, and then sample incharge cheek it properly and get it to show the buyers.Infact, the main aspects in pattern cutting is production. Various samples are cut for different reasons. for this, various patterns are cut for different type:

Development sample: Development sample is the first layer of the sample section. It means when buyers are gives order, then they gives some design catalog to the merchandiser and sample room incharge.Depend on the catalog sample room incharge make a one piece sample to show the buyers. this is called development sample.

Sales sample: After showed the development sample, buyers want to some sample for marketing. They want to see that how feel the customer about this style. So buyers wants some sample for their customer which known as sales sample.

Size set sample: Size set sample is the next step of sales sample .After some days, get the order, buyers want to see all size of product. This is known as size set sample.

P.P Sample:Sample which make before the production is call ed p.p sample.

Shipment sample:Sample which delivery at last with buyers requirements is called shipment sample:

Familirize with garment pattern and to understand the use of grain lines, notchs:

 A pattern master cut the garments pattern simply, it has 11-15parts. Garments, notches, seam, allowance, bias the rules of pattern cutting.

Grain line:Grain liners means axis, it denoted the direction of fabrics cutting. Sometimes any fabrics cut straightly or curve then grain lines directed it. It making on a pattern piece used for alignment with wrap yarn or wale lines piece goods and positioning pattern in marker.

Seam allowance  

Seam allowance is measured fore the cut edge of fabrics to the main line of stitches. This is the amount of fabrics that extended beyond the actual seam line. With of a seam allowance is offend a factor is jading garment quality.

Tools and equipment used in sample room

Sample room use tools and equipment mainly making for pattern. The equipments are-

  • Measurement scale
  • Stapler
  • Stapler pin remover
  • Normal scale
  • Punch machine
  • Pattern board
  • Pen
  • Pencil cutter
  • Pencil
  • Tailors chalk
  • Calculator
  • Scissors
  • Scoter machine
  • Pattern whaler
  • Tag gang


Learn how to make a basic pattern of T-shirt:

Basic pattern the parts of T-shirt are-

1 Form part

2 Back parts

3Sleeve length

4 Neck rib.

Observe how sample room coordinates with the other section

In many ways sample room coordinates with other sections. Main duty of sample room is full fill the buyer’s requirements. At first a merchandiser brings offer from the buyers. The pattern master makes   a pattern of that style, and then gives to the sample man. The sample man makes offer sample and then send to the buyer .If it satisfies the buyer then the order the counter sample in this way, they made development  sample, sales  sample, fashion show sample size sample etc.

To make the procedure sample room coordinates the other section. Firstly they coordinates to merchandiser, then they make  sample .After making sample, when buyers are accept this, then sample room coordinates to the cutting,sewing,and finishing.

In this w ay sample room coordinates with other sections.

Study the responsibility of sample room incharge:

One senior pattern master is the incharge.He has to observe the whole sample room.The supervisor is also incharge here.In sample room 10-12 peoples are worked under an incharge. Incharge watches all people in sample room are do his duty properly. He gives up their fault. Before send the sample in being house he takes the measurement is plus or minus he noted in measurement tithe always sincere to his work .he come office at just time and go on latar.He always do his duty in myself.

Store room

Study the main operation involved in the section:

Sore room is a room where the all materials of product are stocked. The main operation involved in the section is to put into the amount of receiving and sending documents, of all materials of production. when merchandiser gets order of all things of production, then merchandiser and store room incharge look after the order. When all the order are take to delivery, the all  delivery Chelan are put into a file in a store room incharge.Then any materials are need to production,thenstore room incharge supply all things. Store room incharge write down the all documents when anyone take any things from him.Infact, the main operation of store room is the security and proper distribution room of the production things.

Study the role play by the store keeper:

I observed the responsibility of the storekeeper. He maintains a well-organized store with clearly identified areas. He is an important character of a garments factory. he ensures that fabrics and accessories are properly store to prevent damage. Any section of production has absence any things; store keeper may delivery those things rapidly. For production, any things are come in slowly, store keeper search the reasons of slow and as soon as he delivery this things. He put the documents of delivery of all section separately and he distributed all things in a proper range. He come to the office at a just time and leave at latar.when he can not present in a store room, he closed the room for security. A store keeper is always busy to delivery the production things. He always sincere to his work. He do his duty very sincere and carefully. Actually, store keeper is a good person in garments.


After booking the order of productions things, when the……………..delivery the things then customer gives a reset according to the goods quantity, price etc. This  reset is called invoice .Again  when  the shipment is delivery to the Byers, then ………………….gives a reset according to the buyers requirements, where the products quantity, price hectare input. This is also a one kind of invoice.Infact that is called invoice, where the products quantity, price date hectare input.

#Goods receiving note:

Goods receiving note means, where the amount of all goods are input.

Types of fabrics:Various types of fabrics are-

  1. Rib
  2. Fleace (Micro polar)
  3. Single jersey
  4. Lycra single jersey
  5. Lycra freelance terry
  6. Brush back fleece (one side back brush)
  7. Loop back brush (mash fabrics)

Interlining: Interlining is a paper which gets under the collar. It is a very normal paper. It also used in embroidery.

Button: Various kinds of button are stocked in a store room .there are –

  1. Plastic button
  2. Metal button (steal button)


(Snup button,ILet button)


Ladies polo shirt-

1-Collar make

2-Collar Topsin

3-Collar band join

4-Collar cutting

5-1/16 topstich

6-Collar cutting(againa)

7-Placket rolling

8-Placket join

9-Placket tack

10-Placket box

11-Placket o/L

12-Less/piping gadaring

13-Gadaring attach

14-Back part cutting and tack(2 koci 2side-a)

15-Youk join

16-Youk topstitch

17-Shoulder O/L(join)

18-Shoulder topstitch

19-Neck stich

20-Collar join

21-Collar shearing

22-Sleeve gadaring/shearing

23-Sleeve cuff join

24-Sleeve join