Examples of  Raw Materials

Auto  knit fabrics Ltd. is a knit composite textile industry. In the industry the raw materials used for production. Price of grey fabrics depends upon the price of yam and the making charge of the fabric. For an example, in case of 30’s spun cotton yam, the price of yam is $3/kg and for single jersey fabric the knitting chare is $.18. so the price of single jersey fabric is $3.18/kg. Examples of raw materials are:

  1. Yam
  2. Grey fabrics
  3. Dyes
  4. Chemicals.
  5. YARN:

Following types of yams are used to knit fabrics:







Following types of gray fabrics are dyed:

Single jersey

Single Jersey with lycra



Yam dyed fabric


Rib with lycra

1Xl rib

2X2 rib

Collar and cuff

Sources:The required yams are supplied from Auto  Spinning Mills Ltd and the required grey fabrics are produced in the industry


The following dyes are used

  1. Reactive dyes
  2. Disperse dyes.

FOR COTTON:Name of Dyes

  1. Cibacron Black W-HF
  2. Cibacron Blue FN-R
  3. Cibacron Navy WBT
  4. Cibacron Orange FNR
  5. Cibacron Red FNR
  6. Cibacron Red FN-3G
  7. Cibacron Yellow F-4G
  8. Cibacron Yellow FN-2R
  9. Livafix Blue CA Gran
  10. Livafix Red CA Gran
  11. Livafix Yellow CA Gran
  12. Remazol Black A Gran
  13. Remazol Black B Gran
  14. Remazol Red RB
  15. Remazol Yellow 3RS Gran
  16. Remazol Brill Blue
  17. Remazol Red RR
  18. Remazol. Yellow RR
  19. Reactive Deep Black N 150%

FOR POLYESTER:Name of Dyes:-

  • Terasil Black SRL-01
  • Terasil Black W-NS
  • Terasil Blue BGE-01
  • Terasil Navy GRL-C
  • Terasil Red W4BS
  • Terasil Red WBF
  • Terasil Yellow W-4G
  • Terasil Yellow W-6GS
  • Terasil Blue BGE -01
  • Terasil Blue WB-LS

Basic Chemicals:-     

Acetic Acid

Oxalic Acid

Soda Ash

Sodium Hypo, chloride

Sulphuric Acid

Bleaching Agent

Hydrogen peroxide 50%

Salt / Electrolytes:-

  1. Glubar salt
  2. Refined Salt

Caustic Soda

Caustic Soda Pearl

Detergent & Scouring Agent:-

  1. Foryl JA
  2. Solpon 1400

3.Kieralon Jet B

Antifoaming / PenetTating Agent:-

  1. Cibaflow Jet
  2. Cibaflow C
  3. Antifoam TC

4.Ffirnasol NF

Anti creasing Agent:-

  1. Ciba fluid P
  2. Ciba fluid C
  3. Primasol Jet

Peroxide Stabiliser:-

  1. Lavatex
  2. Prestozen PL
  3. Stabilol P
  4. Tinoclarito G-100

Sequestering Agent:-

  1. Ladjqueast 1097
  2. Dekol SM
  3. Siffix AKLiq

Peroxide Killer:-

  1. Invatex PC
  2. Lorinol PK
  3. Basopal PK

Reactive Fixing Agent:-

  1. Cibafix Eco
  2. Tinofix FRD
  3. Cycianon E

Mercerizing Wetting Agent:-

  1. Mercerol QWLF
  2. Leophen MC

After Sopping Agent:-

  1. Cibapor R Liq
  2. Sandopour RSK
  3. Geiclean AW

Enzyme Finishing Agent:-  ffff

Bio polish AL

Optical Brightener for Cotton:-

  1. Uvitex BBT
  2. Uvitex CIDN
  3. Uvitex BHV

Optical Brightener for Polyester:-

  1. Ultraphore BN Liq
  2. Uvitex BHT Total
  3. Ultraphore SFG Liq
  4. Ultraphore SFR

Leveling gent for polyester:-

  1. Baso Jet PEL
  2. Osimol ROL
  3. Uniperol EL
  4. Protc-Gal DP505

Decolourant For Effluent Treatment:-

Colfloc RD

SOURCES: Swiss Color, BASF, Dye star, Clan’ant, pacific, Matex, Oasis, Impo Color etc.

PRICE: not provided


AUTO  KNIT FABRICS Ltd. uses the best quality and examples of raw materials. It -produces fabric from the best quality yam. They use the best quality dyes as compare to price.

More Examples of Raw Materials

  • Gatifloxacin
  • Cephradine
  • Iron(111)hydroxide polymaltose Complex
  • Motelukast
  • Azithromycin
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Dexibuprofen
  • Ranitidine
  • Doxycycline Hcl
  • Erythromycin Ethyl Succinate
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Aceclofenac
  • Sucrose
  • Nitazoxanide
  • Flupentixide
  • Melitracine
  • Domperidone meliate
  • Domperidone BP(Protix suspension)
  • A-Z (boron Citrate Blend)
  • Alu-Alu Foil for blister packing
  • PVC Film
  • Sucrose BP
  • Livoflaxacine Hemihydred
  • Amlodiprine Besylate
  • Cefixime Trihydrate(Comp)
  • Cefuroxime Axitile(Amourphous)
  • Ranitidine HCl
  • Betacarotene
  • Povidone K-30
  • Crose povidone
  • Ambroxol
  • ES-Omiprazole
  • Omiprazole
  • Matformin
  • Nitazoxanite
  • Cefixime Trihydrate
  • Omiprazole powder(Aspra plus)
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Caffeine
  • Erythromycin Ethyl Succinate
  • Cephradine BP
  • Ciprofloxacine HCl
  • Tramadol
  • Glipizide BP
  • Levosulbutamol Sulphate
  • Desloratadin
  • Azithromicine (micro)
  • Flupentixol
  • Melitracine
  • Doxycycline HCl
  • Fluconazole
  • Amoxycillin Trihydrate
  • Betacarotene
  • Povidone K-30
  • Crose Povidone
  • Inositol USP
  • Naproxen Sodium
  • Ketorolac
  • Flunarizine
  • Flucloxacillline
  • Amoxacilline Comp.


 DISPERSE DYES:  Certain Disperse dyes have been shown to cause sensitisation when in prolonged contact with skin. Please see Appendix 1 for a list of those which must not be used.

 FORMALDEHYDE: When tested against BS EN 14184 Part 1 Method for Assessment of FREE Formaldehyde, fabrics and components for the following end uses must not exceed the limits indicated:

Underwear & Garments for children under 3 years of age              Not Detected

Garments intended to be worn next to the skin for children

over 3 years of age                                                                    75ppm

Outerwear Garments for children over 3 years of age                    300ppm

Auto does not require the testing of RELEASED Formaldehyde levels.


Auto Childrenswear does not accept the use of any of the above chemicals in the production or processing of any goods.

PH:  The pH level of all finished fabrics must be in the range of 5.5 – 7.5 when used in Auto clothing.

ACID/ENZYME WASH:  Where garments are to be subjected to an Acid/Enzyme wash, tolerances in wash level must be established prior to production.

 PIGMENT DYE:  All garments using Pigment Dyes must be assessed for suitability on an individual basis by the Fabric Technology Department.

The garment supplier must demonstrate that the required shade will meet Auto Childrenswear Colour Fastness requirements and Appearance After Wash PRIOR to accepting any order. See testing requirements.

 PRINTS – ALLOVER:  Dark Colours –   Allover prints on cotton or cotton/elastane fabrics, woven or jersey, which contain                           dark colours should be reactive printed.

If Pigment Print is requested specifically for design purposes                                                         then it is the garment supplier’s responsibility to demonstrate                                                      that the level of colour being supplied will meet Auto colour                                                     fastness requirements PRIOR to production of bulk fabric.

Where applicable on outerwear garments, if pigment                                                                    printing has been used, additional swing ticketing may be                                                             requested by the buying department.

Medium/Light Colours –  Prints below 40% coverage may be pigment printed with compaction.

Any medium/light print with above 40% coverage where                                                                pigment printing may be appropriate must be approved by the                                                       Fabric Technology department at Auto prior to costing.

Clarification on shade class may be sought from the Fabric                                                           Technology Department.

N.B. Under no circumstances should buying teams be supplied with costings for allover pigment prints which do not meet the requirements outlined above. In the occurrence of this event the Supplier will be required to replace the order with reactive printing at their own cost.

SULPHUR DYES:  Sulphur dyes can only be used on Auto Childrenswear product after discussing with the Fabric Technology department

The garment supplier must also demonstrate that the fabric which is being Sulphur Dyed will comply with Auto Childrenswear colour fastness requirements PRIOR to accepting any order.

 STONEWASHING: Stonewashing must not be used in the processing of any fabrics or garments for children below 3 years of age.

When stonewashing garments:

Pockets and other orifices must be sewn closed before washing.

Pockets must be turned inside out and cleaned at final inspection.

All garments must be metal detected.

Due to the possibility that residue from the stonewashing process can set off                                  the metal detector at the required setting, it is the suppliers responsibility to                             demonstrate to the relevant technologist that all stonewashed product is                                             being processed in compliance with Auto requirements.

All the above processes must be recorded and the documentation must be                                    available upon request.

Raw Testing Equipment

Sl NORaw Testing Equipment NamePurpose
01.Fabric Inspection machineFabric Inspection
2.TemplateShrinkage test
3.MicroscopeFabric construction Check
3.GSM CutterGSM Test
4.Weight machineFabric weight
5.Slide caliperButton measurement
6.Moisture machineMoisture check
7.Light boxShade segregation
9.MagnetMetallic item check