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The Finishing Instruments are Used in Garment Factory

FINISHING IN SEWING DEPARTMENT

The Finishing is the last stage of garment production where garment gets its final look. In this department each garment undergoes different finishing processes. It undergoes for quality checks which sets the garment free from defects. Buyer specifications and instructions are strictly maintained. Following are the different finishing processes-

Instrument Flow Chart
Instrument Flow Chart

Trimming

Trimming is an important step in finishing, it involves cutting of unwanted threads and the cutting of extra loop lengths. Trimming of threads is done with the cutter, which is very user friendly. Tailor scissors are used for cutting extra loop length. Trimming process is carried out on wooden tables covered with the cloth of a color in contrast to the fabric color of the garment. By the end of the this section the garment is free from major irregularities like the protruding and left-over threads. In Auto Garments Ltd, the trimming section is at the end of the sewing line.

2. Quality Inspection

Trimmed garment pieces undergo quality inspection. Here, operator checks every garment piece and mark the defect on the garment with a sticker. This step is very important. Garments with stitching defects are sorted out and sent to ware house. Other small defects such as ripping of seam, small alterations etc. are marked for the alteration and after being referred to the quality control managers are sent back to their respective defect occurrence operation area.

As the trimming table, the quality checking is also done in the sewing line and marks the end of the processes of the sewing room.

The first 100 piece of a new style are checked by the quality assurance team and the work is carried on once they have an affirmation from the quality assurance department.

FINISHING DEPATMENT

The finishing department imparts the final touch to the garments and impart a soothing effect and improves the esthetics of the garment which loses it’s gloss because of so many operations especially in the cutting and the sewing dep.  The finishing department works in the following sequence

01.Thread Sucking

The thread sucking is done to remove the threads, which stick on the garment after the thread trimming. The thread trimming results in the deposition of lose threads all over the garment, though it is taken care of at the thread trimming itself by beating the garment with the cello-tape mounted baton but to make the garment 100% stray thread free this process is n. The operator holds the garment and takes it in a suction chamber and due to heavy suction; the garment releases all the threads, which are on the surface. The garments are now bundled in a set of 10 pieces to provide a smooth flow over the floor.

2. Ironing

This is the most traditional form of providing creases and removing the unwanted ones from the garment. It becomes important when the garment needs to be packed because if the garment is ironed then it occupies less space and thus it becomes easy for the operator to pack the garment as well it makes the garment more presentable.

The garments are now ironed to give them a proper form and shaped. Wrinkles are formed on the garment because of many reasons, which mainly include the handling in the sewing room and the wrinkles present in the fabric itself and at the time of storing the fabric. The steam iron is used for cotton fabric but for the synthetic fabrics no steam is used. It is after this stage that the garments give a pleasant and a finished look and after this, the packaging processes start.

3. Buttoning and Neck Pressing

All the buttons of the shirt are closed. This step is immediately after the ironing and an operator stands on one side of the iron table for this purpose. In most of the cases, all the buttons are closed or in some cases there might be some other requirement of the buyer.

4. Inspecting

The buttoned garments are now inspected for the final look and it is checked if the piece is looking aesthetically all right or not. This inspection is 100% and all the pieces undergo this stage.

 5.Collar Inserting/Button fly fittinAt this stage, the cardboard collar piece is inserted inside the collar to give it a rigid look and help it provide a better shelf look. The button fly is also inserted in the collar, to give a graceful look at the front end of the collar and also to keep the collar from falling after the packaging.

6. Folding

The garment is folded with the help of the buyer template based on the folding size required.

7. Poly-packing

In packing, the packaging material used is based on the request of the buyers, which in case of shirts is generally a simple poly bag. The carton plies are also mentioned by the buyer. Packing may require more than one step based on the buyer requirements of placing tags and labels. The tags are put with the help of tag-guns.

8. Assorting

The garments after being packed in the poly pack are sent for assortment and to be packed in the cartons. Each piece is picked, and put into the respective carton. This packing in the carton can be done in either of the 2 ways. Ratio packing – In this technique the garments are packed according to the ration of the sizes to be put in which is specified in the list given by the buyer. This is generally followed in the packing of shirts. Solid Packing – In this the garments are packed one shade and one size in one carton, this is easier and requires less time.

FINISHED GOODS STOCKING

After all these processes, the garment is ready to be dispatched, but this cannot be done before the dispatch date and the cartons have to be stocked somewhere. The finishing room on the 2nd floor itself has a lot of stocking space which is called the assortment area as the assortment is also done in this area only. The main finished goods stocking area is on the 1st floor above the central fabric store. From here, the goods are dispatched, once the merchandising departments orders to take the consignment for the port.

Metal detector:

Is there a metal detector on site: y/n
Where is it located:
What is the brand:
Date of last service:
What is the frequency of calibration:
Who is responsible:

 

Required supporting documents:

  • Photograph of metal detector in it’s permenant location
  • Scan of last calibration report
  • Copy of calibration policy / ways of working
  • Copy of current way of working to manage detected needles

Metal free zone 

Is there is a metal free zone? Y / n

– if yes – please attach detail of how stock is managed through the mfz

– if no – please attach detail of how stock is managed following metal detection

Training:

Is there training in place in the production site for metal control policies? Y / n

– if yes – attach information relating to how this is managed

– if no – attach inforamtion as to how policies are communicated to staff

 

Other metal control policies;

Please attach any further information relating to other needle, metal, glass, plastic currently in place in the site

 

About Engr. Kh. Mashiur Rahman

He is Garment Automation Technologist and Editor in Chief of Autogarment. He is certified Echotech Garment CAD Professional-China, Aptech-India, NCC-UK and B.Sc. in CIS- London Metropolitan University, M.Sc. in ICT-UITS. He is working as a Successful Digital Marketer and Search Engine Specialist in RMG sector during 2005 to till now. Contact him- apparelsoftware@gmail.com

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