Home / Spinning / Simplex Machine. Spinning Process of Textile Technology

Simplex Machine. Spinning Process of Textile Technology

Simplex Machine for Spinning Process

Simplex Machine for spinning process is an industrial machinery used for spinning process of Textile technology to transform the drawn sliver into roving. The main function of simplex machine is the attenuation of drawn sliver and insert small amount of twist to give required strength of roving. Finally, the twisted roving is wound on to bobbin. Simplex machine is used to the carded and combed yarn process but for the rotor spinning system this process can be eliminated.

Functions of this Spinning Machines

  • Drafting: The main task of the spinning machines to attenuation of the sliver to required count of the roving.
  • Twisting: To hold it together, small amount of twist is inserted. The numbers of twist is very low.
  • Winding: To easily transport the twisted roving, it winds onto the bobbin  developed by textile machine manufacturers

Recent Developments of Simplex Machine

  • Higher flyer speed: maximum 2000rpm. 1000~1500rpm is commonly used.
  • Improved drafting system: for example, SKF PK1500 and SKF PK1600. Apron drafting, better control of fibre and draft range 4-20.
  • Improved flyer design
  • Higher flyer speed: up to 1500 rpm
  • Plastic flyer: Light in weight, enables higher flyer speed and less power consumption.
  • Top mounted flyer
  • No spindle is used; flyer gets drives from the top.
  • Suction unit in the drafting zone.
  • Data collection system.
  • Automatic Tension Control device(ATC)
  • Improved building mechanism
  • Higher content of roving
  • Sliver stop motion
  • Roving stop motion
  • Separate flyer and bobbin drive
  • Over Headed Traveling cleaner(OHTC) is used
  • Speed profile
  • Desired doff length can be achieved
  • False twister
  • Equal angle of roving
  • Computerized monitor
  • Inching motion
  • Gearing in the oil bath for smooth running of the machine and high production.

Main Parts of Spinning Machines of Textile Technology

simplex machine parts
simplex machine parts
  • Creel
  • Sliver guide roller
  • Condenser
  • Pressure arm
  • Drafting roller
  • Cradle
  • Top cloth roller
  • Flyer
  • Roving rail

Specifications of Simplex Machine

Specifications Name

Specifications Value

Product Category

Spinning

Machine Category

Spinning Machine

Product Name

Computerized Simplex Filler

Product Model

Textile machine / Weaving machine

Product Class

New

Origin

China/India/Others

Brand/Manufacturer

cnc machine

Agent in Bangladesh

No/Yes

Power

22.5 kw

Temperature

Normal

Certification

SGS/Others

Production Capacity

NA

Spinnable fiber length

22~50mm

Count

200~1250 tex

Beam

2 sets for roving stop motion

Twist

1.8~8.0 T/10cm

Draft range

4.3~13.28

Auto-stop device

 Auto-stop style Infrared photo-electrical stop motion

Frame style

Right, Left

Flyer speed

1600 rpm

Infrared photocell position

Front: 2 sets for flyer safety stop motion

Max. Process speed

1400 rpm

Clearing device

Top clearing

Back

1 set for sliver stop motion

Gauge

220 mm

Bottom clearing

Positive rotary clean tape

Bobbin size

150X406mm

Full roving bobbin size

150X406

Number of positions

120

Description

The motors of cnc machine are controlled by PLC and inverter asynchronously to drive the roving building for spinning process

Simplex Machine for Simplex Filler

  • This simplex filler machine is to transform the sliver coming from draw frame into roving for textile production
  • The main operation of the machine involved creeling, drafting, twisting, winding, building and doffing.
  • Entering sliver counts of 0.12 Ne to 0.24 Ne and counts of the delivered roving of 0.27 Ne to 3Ne.
  • The number of revolutions of the spindle is maximum value of 1500r.p.m. for textile production
  • Drafting system stretches draw frame sliver and make it thin using modern textile technology

Simplex Machine Scope and Responsibility

Responsibilities Person
1.  Sourcing – Raw material through corporate office General Manager

2.  Raw material source verification

3.  Co-ordination with corporate office.

4.  Environmental aspects ensuring the surroundings are not polluted.

General Manager
1.  Transport and Handling – Mode of Transport and Precautions

2.  Ware housing – General storage place, practices, storage during processing, storage area’s precautions.

3.  Trace ability system – General system of trace ability, Product trace ability from raw material to finished product.

4.  Book keeping system – General system of Book keeping, Production records, other production related records.

5.  Cleaning – General schedule’s maintaining material used and method of cleaning, cleaning prior to Organic processing.

6.  Packaging – Environment friendly recyclable material use.

7.  Product-rests (waste) – Collecting and packing of various wastes during processing of ‘ORGANIC’ material.

8.  Training – Training of employee’s for processing ‘ORGANIC’ material

Mill Manager
1.  Transport and Handling – Mode of Transport and Precautions

2.  Ware housing – General storage place, practices, storage during processing, storage area’s precautions.

3.  Trace ability system – General system of trace ability, Product trace ability from raw material to finished product.

4.  Book keeping system – General system of Book keeping, Production records, other production related records.

5.  Cleaning – General schedule’s maintaining material used and method of cleaning, cleaning prior to Organic processing.

6.  Packaging – Environment friendly recyclable material use.

7.  Product-rests (waste) – Waste collecting and packing of various wastes during processing of ‘ORGANIC’ material.

8.  Training – Training of employee’s for processing ‘ORGANIC’ material

Manager Production
1.  TrainingTrain the officers, staffs, and operators for ‘ORGANIC’ material processing and conservation.

2.  Process Flow chart – To ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material processing as per Process flow chart.

3.  Transport & Handling – To Ensure ‘ORGANIC’ material transport with approved trolleys, Labels display and store in the approved storage place and properly covered and displayed with ‘ORGANIC’ label.

4.  Ware housing – To ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material is stored in an approved storage area with Display boards. To ensure the storage place cleanliness and house keeping.

5.  Identification or Labeling & Trace ability system – To ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material processing labeling and traceability as per Process flow chart and arranging label/placards, identification bands, caps.

6.  Book keeping system – To maintain the ‘ORGANIC’ material processing records and checking for its correctness.

 

Asst. Manager (Production)
1.  Training – Train the officers, staffs, and operators for ‘ORGANIC’ material processing and conservation.

2.  Process Flow chart – To ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material processing as per Process flow chart.

3.  Transport & Handling – To ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material has to transport with approved trolleys, Labels display and store in the approved storage place and properly covered and displayed with ‘ORGANIC’ label.

4.  Ware housing – To ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material is stored approved storage area with Display boards. To ensure the storage place cleanliness and house keeping.

5.  Identification or Labeling & Trace ability system – To Ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material processing Machine’s, Storage place is having Label/Placards and use identification bobbins, cone tip color as per process flow chart.

6.  Book keeping system – To maintain the ‘ORGANIC’ material processing records and checking for it’s correctness

 

Sr. Production officer
1.   Sustainable Textile process description – General process description from raw material to finished product.

2.   Process flow chart – Flow chart showing movement of product during processing, handling and indicating process parameters. Arranging a meeting and explain about the process while new cotton/lot introducing time with Manager’s, Department in charge and Shift in charge.

3.   Sustainable textile quality assurance procedure – Internal quality assurance follow-up as per Quality plan.

4.   Sampling and residue analysis – Follow-up of Periodical quality control checking regarding pesticide, residue etc… by third party

5.   Internal Auditing and inspection of GOTS system – Internal inspection and self assessment system is to be followed to ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ process and Records as per GOTS manual.

6.   Identification or Labeling & Trace ability system – To Ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material processing   machine’s, Storage place is having Label/Placards and use identification cans, color bands, bobbins and caps as per Process flow chart.

7.   Critical control points – To verify and ensure at every stage from receiving raw material to processing, finished goods storage and transport of ‘ORGANIC’ material is as per GOTS system.

Project Manager
1.   Sustainable Textile process description – General process description from raw material to finished product.

2.   Process flow chart – Flow chart showing movement of product during processing, handling and indicating process parameters. Arranging a meeting and explain about the process while new cotton/lot introducing time with Manager’s, Department in charge and Shift in charge.

3.   Sustainable textile quality assurance procedure – Internal quality assurance follow-up as per Quality plan.

4.   Sampling and residue analysis – Follow-up of Periodical quality control checking regarding pesticide, residue etc… by third party

5.   Internal Auditing and inspection of GOTS system – Internal inspection and self assessment system is to be followed to ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ process and Records as per GOTS manual.

6.   Identification or Labeling & Trace ability system – To Ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material processing   machine’s, Storage place is having Label/Placards and use identification cans, color bands, bobbins and caps as per Process flow chart.

Manager Quality
1.  Social aspects – To ensure Social aspects as described by Gots system Follow strictly and adhering to terms and conditions mentioned in the MSA Personal policy manual.

2.  Work place – To ensure the shop floor cleanliness & atmospheric conditions.

3.  Working hours – To ensure the employees are not working more than 48 hrs/week and Overtime not more than 12 hours/week.

4.  Workers wages – To ensure the employees get minimum wages as per national regulatory body standards.

5.  Child labor – To ensure neither directly nor indirectly Child Labor is employed.

Manager Administration
1.  Transport and Handling – To ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material has to transport with approved fork lift (or) hand trolleys, Labels display and store in the approved storage place displayed with ‘ORGANIC’ label. Issue ‘ORGANIC’ material as requested by production as per receipt/issue register.

2.  Ware housing – To ensure the ‘ORGANIC’ material is stored in approved storage area with Display boards. To ensure the storage place cleanliness and house keeping.

3.  Identification or Labeling & Trace ability system – To Ensure the Raw material and Finished goods of ‘ORGANIC’ material Stored in a approved storage place is having product Labels.

4.  Book keeping system – To maintain the ‘ORGANIC’ material (or) incoming records as per Raw material incoming register and checking for its correctness.

Sr. Stores officer

Conclusion:

Simplex machine is very similar to Roving Frame or Speed Frame Machine. To transform sliver to roving, this spinning machines are used in the spinning mills. This Simplex Machine is very popular in the spinning mills.

[1] Md. Ferdus Alam, B.Sc. in Textile Engineering, Southeast University, Cell # 1723300700,  Email: ferdus.j@gmail.com

 

About Engr. Kh. Mashiur Rahman

He is Garment Automation Technologist and Editor in Chief of Autogarment. He is certified Echotech Garment CAD Professional-China, Aptech-India, NCC-UK and B.Sc. in CIS- London Metropolitan University, M.Sc. in ICT-UITS. He is working as a Successful Digital Marketer and Search Engine Specialist in RMG sector during 2005 to till now. Contact him- apparelsoftware@gmail.com

Similar Post

What is Ball Warping Machine? Define Ball Warping Process

What is Ball Warping Machine? Define Ball Warping Process

Ball Warping The main object of ball warping is to prepare log for the rope …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *