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How Projectile Loom Makes Weaving Patterns

Projectile Loom for Weaving Patterns:

Projectile Loom makes weaving patterns for looming in textile industry. The loom follows weaving techniques those use a projectile equipped with a gripper to carrying weft yarn across the shed is called projectile loom. It allows the insertion of practically any yarn such as cotton, wool, polypropylene ribbon, mono and multifilament yarns, jute and linen.

Specifications of Projectile Loom for Looming:

[label type=”label” title=”Specifications Name”] [label type=”label” title=”Specifications Value”]
Product Category Weaving
Machine Category Loom Machine
Product Name Projectile Loom
Product Model According to Manufacturer
Product Class New
Origin China/India/Others
Brand/Manufacturer cool loom bands
Agent In Bangladesh No/Yes
Power 180v
Temperature Normal
Certification SGS/Others
Production Capacity 200 Set/Sets per Month
Plain Weave 500-600 weft/min
Interweave 350-400 weft/min
Work Width 2300 (mm)
Into The Latitude Rate 2280 m / min
Speed 500-700RPM
Maximum Speed 280rpm
Weft Insertion 160-180m/min
Noise 68db
Motor Power 1.5 /2.0 Kw
Dimension 4450*2300*3100mm
Weight 3600kg
Description This machine adopts the automatic adjusting the let off part of the crankshaft for bead loom patterns and cool loom bands
[1]

Features of Projectile Loom for Weaving Techniques:

The features of different looms with weaving techniques is stated here-

  • Projectile receiving units are different looms from the stirring sley whe the sley carries the reed & gripper guides,
  • The gripper projectile made with fine steel to help for making nice weaving patterns
  • For the duration of its flight through the shed of the projectile runs in a rake likes steel guides as a result the warp threads are touched neither by the projectile nor weft thread,
  • Generally the gripper projectile is selected across the warp shed on very high speed  where the picking energy derived from the energy stored in a metal torsion bar that is twisted for different looms
  • All picks are cut off at the picking side near the selvedge after weft insertion for the loom
  • The color changing machinery is less complicated for making weaving patterns
  • The weft is marked directly from a large stationary cross wound package.
  • The reed is not joint as in a shuttle the loom but rocked about its axis by the pair of cam.
  • The reed & projectile guides are stationary for the duration of pick insertion.
  • Small shed opening because of the smaller size projectile. [2]

Short notes of Auto Projectile Loom Limited

Auto Projectile Loom Limited. was incorporated in Bangladesh as a Public Limited Company with limited liability on 8 March and commenced commercial operation in 1995 and also went into the public issue of shares and debentures in the same year. The shares of the Company are listed in 2013 the Dhaka and Chittagong Stock Exchanges of Bangladesh.

Air jet Loom Limited. is the most modern composite mill in the region. Auto Projectile Loom Limited has an installed capacity of 588 high-speed air-jet looms in its weaving section and a high-tech dyeing and finishing section with a capacity of 600,000 yards of finished fabric per day. This company is located at the Auto Garment Park.

Auto Projectile Loom Limited.. has a state of the art composite knit fabric production mill,. has a state of the art composite knit fabric production mill, which serves the growing needs of high-quality knit garments exporters in Bangladesh. The project was set up as a state of the art knit fabric knitting, dyeing and finishing facility. During the year the Company produced and sold high quality of knit fabrics and bringing forth all the latest in hard and soft technologies in knitting, dyeing and finishing of knit fabric.

Auto Projectile Loom Limited.. also has cotton and polyester blended yarn-spinning mill, with 22,000 spindles is one of the largest spinning mills of the country. The mill was set up to feed the country’s export oriented industries.
Auto Projectile Loom Limited.. produces specialized finishes of denim cloth for export in finished as well as cloth only form.

Quality management of bead loom patterns

In aut garments quality management system of bead loom patterns are independent. The quality assurance department is assigned to maintain consistently uniform quality of the material in process & various stages of its manufacturing.

Why quality is important?

Quality sells brand reputation or image (Levis, Nike etc). No quality means no order. No order means no production. Customer’s satisfaction to the products. The products must look good to attach consumer’s attraction. If the product is dirty madder no proper packing consumers will not give it a second look.

How to control quality:

Quality controls or quality assurances must have the knowledge to do the checking. He must have the proper quality assurance package & the Audit from or inspection report. Process of checking from cutting of fabrics to finished package.

Jacquard to be checked for defects (no shading, bowing, slubs, broken picks, hole etc)

In line inspection roving & checking on all sewing operation & document the defects. Take immediate action to correct & fix the defects or problems. Sewing machine has problem causing puckering, skip stitch, needle break so check it. The sewing worker should stop sewing.

Quality control chief should receive the audit report of the quality controller in a timely manner. May be one hour interval to ensure the quality of the operation is under control. If there is quality issue quality controller chief should take the matter to the factory manager for him to follow up with the sewing operators for action & correction line supervision should stay with the sewing operator to ensure that the quality is maintained & no more defects.

Factory manager must connected with inventory department for all the trims, accessories for the production.

Objective of quality control:

  • Research
  • Selection of raw material
  • Process control
  • Process development
  • Product testing
  • Specification check

Accessory of weaving patterns Inspection Procedure

The following level should be applied:

  • For countable items (such as labels, buttons etc.)
  • For non-countable items (such as interlining, ribbons etc.): At least 10% of order quantity with an acceptable defect rate of 2%.
  • If any accessories fail the first inspection, then a second inspection is to be carried out and if the second inspection fails again then the factory must immediately notify the concerned product controller at Auto weaving patterns ltd. At the same time the factory should notify the relevant supplier immediately for any necessary corrective action / replacement if required.

Accessories of weaving patterns should be checked as per the below mentioned guideline

Backboard: As per approved sample and make sheet

    1. Measurements
    2. Shape
    3. Colour
    4. Material quality
    5. Weight of board

Box end label: As per approved sample and order sheet

    1. Scan barcode to ensure it is scannable
    2. Material quality
    3. Adhesiveness
    4. Colour & Print
    5. Information

Butterfly: As per approved sample and make sheet

  1. no.
  2. Shape & Size
  3. Material quality (clarity & thickness)

Buttons: As per approved sample and testing to be carried out

    1. Style
    2. Ligne
    3. Colour
    4. Embossing (if applicable)
    5. Material quality
    6. Button to be attached to bulk fabric (as per production) & carry out pull test – requirement 90N or as advised
    7. Nickel test (For metal items): To be done by auto weaving looming ltd.
    8. Ferrous test (For metal items): Metal Buttons to be passed through metal detection machine prior to production start to confirm them being non-ferrous.

Carton: As per approved sample, make and order sheet

    1. Cardboard quality
    2. Print
    3. Punch panel functionality (if applicable)
    4. Measurements

Clips for looming: As per approved sample

    1. Shape
    2. Colour
    3. Material quality

Collar bone: As per approved sample and make sheet

    1. Ref. no.
    2. Shape & Size
    3. Colour
    4. Material quality (incl. thickness)
    5. Print

Collar insert for looming: As per approved sample and make sheet

    1. Ref. no.
    2. Shape & Size
    3. Material quality (clarity & thickness)

Dennison Loop: As per approved sample and make sheet

    1. Length
    2. Colour
    3. Material quality

Gum tape: As per approved sample

    1. Colour
    2. Width
    3. Material quality
    4. Adhesiveness
    5. Print

Hangers: As per approved sample and make sheet

    1. Ref. no.
    2. Size
    3. Colour
    4. Material quality
    5. Condition (e.g. broken)

Hanger seal for Looming: As per approved sample

    1. Colour
    2. Sizing
    3. Material quality
    4. Adhesiveness

Hanger sizer: As per approved sample

    1. Colour
    2. Shape / Sharpness
    3. Condition (e.g. broken)
    4. Printing

Interlining: As per approved sample and make sheet

  1. no.
  2. Colour / Shade
  3. Material quality (incl. fault rate)
  4. Fuse a piece to assess quality after fusing as per approved pre-production sample

Kimbals (incl. price sticker): As per order sheet

    1. Scan barcode to ensure it is scannable
    2. Information (incl. price)
    3. Adhesiveness
    4. Colour
    5. Measurements
    6. Print (where applicable)
    7. Sizing (where applicable)
    8. Material quality
    9. Information & symbol check
    10. Label to be attached to Bulk fabric & wash according to care code, review appearance after wash

Neckboard: As per approved sample

    1. Measurements
    2. Material quality
    3. Colour
    4. Shape

Pack label: As per approved sample and order sheet

    1. Scan barcode to ensure it is scannable
    2. Material quality
    3. Colour
    4. Adhesiveness
    5. Information

Placket support: As per approved sample and make sheet

    1. Ref. no.
    2. Shape & Size
    3. Material quality (clarity & thickness)

Polybag/Poly Liner: As per approved sample and make sheet/order sheet

    1. Ref. no.
    2. Material quality (incl. clarity, print)
    3. Seam durability
    4. Information / Warning
    5. Airhole punch

Ribbon/Tape: As per approved sample and testing to be carried out

    1. Colour
    2. Width
    3. Material quality
    4. Shrinkage
    5. Colour fastness

Security Tag: As per approved sample & make sheet

    1. Colour
    2. Shape
    3. Functionality

Swingers: As per approved sample and order sheet

    1. Ref. no.
    2. Information
    3. Colour
    4. Shape & Size
    5. Material quality
    6. Scan barcode to ensure it is scannable (if applicable)

Thread: As per approved sample and make sheet

    1. Thread count
    2. Colour continuity check of sewing thread in the light box
    3. Colour matching (as per approval / pantone reference)

Tie: As per approved sample & make sheet

    1. Colour
    2. Design
    3. Weaving defect
    4. Label instructions (e.g. care code, composition etc)

Tie clip / Tie pin: As per approved sample

    1. Colour
    2. Shape/Design
    3. Functionality
    4. Material quality

Tissue: As per approved sample

    1. Colour
    2. Material quality
    3. Measurements
    4. Printing quality & information (if applicable)

Wrapband: As per approved sample and make sheet

    1. Ref. no.
    2. Colour
    3. Material quality
    4. Information/Wording
    5. Measurement

Advantages of the Loom for looming:

Advantages of the loom with weaving techniques is given below-

  • looming
    Projectile Loom

     

  • As the projectile is passing through guides and there is no reed to projectile or projectile to yarn contact.
  • More than one cloth can be woven simultaneously with different looms for looming[2]
 
 [1] Md. Ferdus Alam, B.Sc. in Textile Engineering, Southeast University, Cell # 1723300700,  Email- ferdus.j@gmail.com
 [1] Subrota Kanti Nath, B.Sc. in Textile Engineering, Chittagong Textile Engineering College.(CTEC) , Email: nsubrotakanti@gmail.com

About Engr. Kh. Mashiur Rahman

He is Garment Automation Technologist and Editor in Chief of Autogarment. He is certified Echotech Garment CAD Professional-China, Aptech-India, NCC-UK and B.Sc. in CIS- London Metropolitan University, M.Sc. in ICT-UITS. He is working as a Successful Digital Marketer and Search Engine Specialist in RMG sector during 2005 to till now. Contact him- apparelsoftware@gmail.com

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